There is a “body of information” to suggest an Iranian surface-to-air missile brought down a Ukrainian passenger plane that crashed near Tehran, PM Boris Johnson has said.
Four Britons were among the 176 people who died in the crash shortly after take-off on Wednesday, the PM added.
Mr. Johnson said information suggests the plane was shot down but “this may well have been unintentional”.
Iran dismissed the suggestions that it was to blame as “US propaganda”.
Tehran has ruled out a missile strike by its air defenses.
The crash came just hours after Iran carried out missile strikes on two airbases housing US forces in Iraq.
The airstrikes were in retaliation for the US killing of top Iranian general Qasem Soleimani.
On Friday morning the Foreign Office hardened its travel advice for Iran for the second time in a week.
It now advises against all travel to Iran and against all air travel “to, from and within the country”.
It was previously reported that three British nationals – including two engineers and an owner of a local dry cleaning business – had died in Wednesday’s plane crash. No 10 confirmed a fourth also died.
Also on board were 82 Iranians, 63 Canadians, 11 Ukrainians, 10 Swedes, four Afghans, and three Germans.
Mr Johnson’s comments came after Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he had seen evidence that suggested Iran’s missiles brought down the Boeing 737-800 – which was operated by Ukrainian International Airlines on flight PS752.
Mr. Trudeau called for a full and thorough investigation into the crash.
UK Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said he agreed with the Canadians’ assessment.
Speaking in Canada, he said: “The Iranian regime must open up to the international community, including access to the crash site, so we can get to the truth as quickly as possible to give the families of the victims an understanding of what happened to their loved ones.”
“Let us not forget the Iranian families because they have suffered the greatest loss of life in this terrible incident and they deserve to know the truth too.”
US President Donald Trump also said on Thursday he had “suspicions” about what happened to the plane.
In a statement on Thursday, Mr. Johnson said the UK government was working closely with Canada and other international partners affected by the crash and that “there now needs to be a full, transparent investigation”.
“It is vital that there should be an immediate and respectful repatriation of those who’ve lost their lives to allow their families to grieve properly,” he said.
“The UK continues to call on all sides urgently to deescalate to reduce tensions in the region.”
Speaking about the plane crash on the BBC’s Question Time – broadcast on Thursday evening – government security minister Brandon Lewis said the UK agrees with the Canadians that the plane was shot down by a missile.
“We believe it was unintentional,” Mr. Lewis added.
“We’ll be working with our Canadian colleagues and the prime minister has already spoken to our partners around the world, including in the EU with President Macron and Angela Merkel.”
He said they wanted to make sure there was a “good and proper investigation” to find out what happened.
“We all want to see a de-escalation of the situation,” he added.
An Iranian official told the BBC’s security correspondent Frank Gardner that reports the plane was shot down by an Iranian missile were “US propaganda”.
“Their claim without providing hard evidence to the international community is worthless,” the official said
“If they have any evidence, they simply can share it with international bodies before making such noise and efforts to shape public opinion for their further acts against Iran.”
Tributes have been paid to three British men who have already been named as being on board the plane. The fourth British national has not yet been named.
Mohammed Reza Kadkhoda Zadeh, 40, ran a neighborhood dry cleaners in Hassocks, West Sussex, and had a nine-year-old daughter.
He was described as a hardworking man who was good at his job and loved by the staff.
BP engineer Sam Zokaei, 42, from Twickenham, was also among the passengers after being on holiday.
A friend described him as “always smiling and full of positive energy” and who “loved traveling to interesting far-out places.”
Also killed was Ph.D. student Saeed Tahmasebi, 35, who worked as an engineer for Laing O’Rourke in Dartford.
Last year, Mr. Tahmasebi – whose full name was Saeed Tahmasebi Khademasadi – married his Iranian partner, Niloufar Ebrahim, who was also listed as a passenger on the plane.